More than four decades after the independence of African countries, the continent is only famous for its unbridled misery and now seems even more than dependent on the former colonial powers. The natural reaction has been to blame them for the continent’s ever increasing misery. African intellectuals, politicians and the man-in-the-street have in their numbers accused the West for worsening the plight of their continent. Against this backdrop, Dr Paul K. Kokam may appear as an iconoclast. In How Africans worsened their misery, he breaks away from the popular view to lay the blame of their predicament on African themselves.